Umbria is a small region that covers a total area of 8,456 km2 on predominantly hilly terrain. The hectares planted with vines are 17,000. The first to cultivate vines in the area were the Etruscans, followed by the Romans. In medieval times, as happened elsewhere, it was the Church that preserved the winemaking tradition of the area, so much so that already at that time the wine of Orvieto was known as the “wine of the Popes”. Today the region boasts 2 DOCG, 13 DOC and 6 IGT.
The main grape varieties used in the production of Umbrian wines are dark berries: sangiovese, montepulciano, sagrantino and the international cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, merlot and pinot nero. In white grapes instead we find the Trebbiano, the Grechetto, the Drupeggio, the White Canaiolo, and the international Chardonnay, Sauvignon and Pinot Bianco.
Proceeding from north to south, the first two denominations that are encountered are the Colli Altotiberini near the north-eastern border with the Marche, and the Colli del Trasimeno near the lake of the same name. Heading south is the DOC Colli Perugini. In the western part of the Terni area there are the DOC Rosso Orvietano and Orvieto DOC, while moving eastward we meet the DOC Lago di Corbara and Colli Martani. South of Terni, towards the border with Lazio, is the DOC Colli Amerini. South of Perugia, in the center of the region, we find the most significant area in terms of wine. In addition to the DOCs of Assisi and Montefalco (in the Montefalco Bianco and Montefalco Rosso declination), here are the two DOCGs of the region: Torgiano Rosso Riserva DOCG and Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG.
– Torgiano Rosso Riserva DOCG: the name takes its name from the homonymous municipality in the province of Perugia. The wine produced here is an elegant and structured red, obtained mainly from Sangiovese grapes (50 – 70%) and with a minimum aging of 3 years
– Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG: like the Torgiano Rosso Riserva this denomination also takes its name from the municipality of origin. The vine is the Sagrantino, a red berry. Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG is an exuberant, complex wine with excellent aging qualities.