Marche wines have traditions that date back to Roman times. Today the Marche vineyard has 24,000 hectares that extend over a hilly area.
The geographical and climatic conditions favor the white grape varieties, one above all the verdicchio from which the wine is obtained that has become a symbol of Marche enology. Other important white grape varieties are the Trebbiano and the native Passerina, Pecorino and Maceratino, while Montepulciano and Sangiovese are to be remembered together with the indigenous lacrima and Vernaccia di Serrapetrona.
Like many other Italian regions, in recent years the Marche has moved towards higher quality production, and today in the region we find 5 DOCG and 15 DOC. At the center of the region, between the provinces of Ancona and Macerata, there are the most important areas, Jesi and Matelica (land of Verdicchio), Conero, Serrapetrona and Morro d’Alba.
Going from north to south we see which are the most significant areas:
– Colli Pesaresi DOC: on the border with Romagna, between Pesaro, Urbino and Fano, there is this DOC where Trebbiano and Sangiovese dominate, from which reds can be obtained to drink young
– Conero DOCG: where the Marche Apennines meet the Adriatic Sea, in the province of Ancona, an interesting structured and long-lived red is produced, based on montepulciano in a blend with maximum 15% Sangiovese
– Lacrima di Morro d’Alba DOC: in the province of Ancona near the town of Morro d’Alba and some neighboring municipalities, with the rare native teardrop vine, you get a high quality red wine already appreciated by Federico Barbarossa in the 12th century
– Castelli di Jesi and Matelica: this is the area of Verdicchio, the white grape variety that has made the Marche wine famous. Verdicchio is the basis of the DOCG Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva and Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG, as well as the DOC Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi and Verdicchio di Matelica
– Vernaccia di Serrapetrona DOCG spumante: the Vernaccia di Serrapetrona is a native vine from which a characteristic red sparkling wine is obtained, both dry and sweet. It is a very rare wine, obtained from a vine that, despite its name, has nothing to do with other types of vernaccia
– Piceno: in the province of Ascoli there are protagonists the autochthonous pecorino and passerina for the whites, which we find in the DOCG Offida and in the DOC Falerio, and montepulciano and sangiovese (Offida DOCG and Rosso Piceno DOC) as regards the black grapes