Since ancient olives and oil they have always occupied a leading position in power, and this especially for the explosion of the olive trees, originating in Palestine and Asia Minor, along with the screws, in the flora of the so-called ” Mediterranean area “.
But, to be fair, we must say that the use of oil in the gastronomic field was certainly limited compared to what it was used for the houses and street lighting, or as a fuel, especially to power the “sacred fires” dedicated to the gods, but especially in Minerva, of which the oil is said to be the favorite fruit. Last but not least it was also used to anoint the whole body before any wrestling match or fast running, offering less grip opponent since it was allowed interfere with each other. They were finally those of branches of wild olive crowns (later then made laurel) that the winners of the Olympic Games received as a reward of their ability.
Olive oil has come down to us, while preserving its characteristics and its preparatory process, while over the centuries have increased visibly the “surrogates” extracts from other plants: some forty are in fact the varieties from which they derive the vegetable oils known today, such as for example almond oil, walnut, coconut, cinnamon, clove, rosemary, flax, cotton even if only a dozen are the most important ones.
For we must not forget that olive oil plays an important preventive action against atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases, as well as being – as opposed to the much-vaunted “light” of various seed oils – digestible and essential (especially in ‘children’s growth) for the ease with which it is assimilated by the body. It is in fact similar in composition to that of human fat, and contains vitamin A (only present in olive oils) and oleic and linoleic acid in the same proportion that we find in human milk.