September 1, 2016 adminIFAW
The vine is an ancient plant that has been living for millions of years in the mild areas of the planet; however, it is only a few thousand of years ago that the wine production began. The first who started the production were the Sumerians, followed by the Egyptians and the Greeks, and then the Etruscans.
Nowadays Italy is the world’s first wine country and Europe holds the 19% of the production worldwide.
The Italian wine production is remarkably varied thanks to the richness and to the peculiarities of the different territories.
Each area boasts a wine heritage which easily represents the tradition, the culture and the main features of its territory.
In Italy there are 355 native vines altogether, making it an exceptional record number worldwide.
Despite the progressive rediscovery of the native quality vines, due to the ever increasing openness to international markets, the international vines are growing considerably.
Sangiovese is the most popular vine variety in Italy, covering over the 10% of the vines with wine grapes. Sangiovese, along with Sicilian Catarratto Bianco, Tuscan Trebbiano, Montepulciano and Barbera, represents over the 30% of the plantations.
You will find here below the map of Italy divided into its 20 regions, each specialized in just a few primary wines.
The vineyards and their major varieties of wine are accompanied by a few describing notes, for a total of 51 wines listed below. If you taste them all, you will gain a profound understanding of Italian wine. Here is where you can start.
Charles Caleb Colton:
“Power will intoxicate the best hearts, as wine the strongest heads. No man is wise enough, nor good enough to be trusted with unlimited power”.
Bertolt Brecht:
“Mixing one’s wines may be a mistake, but old and new wisdom mix admirably”.

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